Climate changes brings uncertainty to Brazilian coast future

Coastal risk related to climate change, erosion or any kind of oil spills were discussed until last Thursday (16th), in Porto de Galinhas (PE), in the Simpósio Nacional sobre Vulnerabilidade Costeira (National Symposium on Coastal Vulnerability).

During the event, experts from around the world presented methodologies for risk mapping, as well as challenges and initiatives of federal government to subsidize the integrated action against coastal vulnerability and scientific research results.

Recognized as a critical area, coastal zone is one of the most complex and sensitive environments, which has supported strong growth, and increasing population density“, explains Leila Swerts, coordinator of Gerência Costeira do Departamento de Zoneamento Territorial do Ministério do Meio Ambiente (Coastal Management of the Department of Territorial Zoning of the Ministry of Environment).

She quotes as an example Pernambuco coast, which now employs 56% of the urban population of the state.

It is also in this area that gives the concentration of economic activities, industrial, recreation and tourism, and consequently problems arising from them“, she says.

Tools

Leila also highlights the need for actions and initiatives promoting the theme.

It is imperative at this time, enhance, and develop tools to support coastal environmental management, considering the influence of global warming, with effects on sea level rise, changes in rainfall patterns and wind, among others“, she analyzes.

According to her, from the territorial planning, we can prevent future problems.

The risks of flooding in these regions are strongly related to advance of the sea, as if dealing with dynamic environments directly influenced by marine issues“, she adds.

The symposium was organized by Department of Oceanography and by Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), in partnership with Ministry of Environment (MMA) and State Secretariat for Environment and Sustainability of Pernambuco (SEMAS).

The Climate Fund and the Foundation for Science and Technology of the State of Pernambuco (Facepe) supported the meeting.

With informations from provided by Ambiente Brasil

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